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Overview is an open educational resource (OER) that aims to inform the general public on surveillance studies and the various sub-fields within it. Surveillance studies is a rapidly evolving field of study, and new methods, practices, and programs are implemented every day. This is not a comprehensive analysis of the literature; the project's goal is to provide a brief review of the field and guide users towards resources and scholarly work where they can learn more about the field.

What is surveillance?

Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior, actions, or information. Surveillance is conducted for a variety of reasons, depending on the target(s) and the person or organization carrying out the surveillance. Governments practice surveillance for counter-terrorism, to fight crime, and to understand and control populations. Corporations practice surveillance to understand their users so they can create tailored content, advertisments, and products for the purpose of earning profit. Everyday citizens conduct surveillance to protect their communities and hold corporations and governments accountable.


This resource is heavily inspired by the works of Gary T. Marx and sava saheli singh. We recommend viewing their work listed below before proceeding:


This resouce is open-source, allowing anyone to contribute to the content, design, and structure of the website. We encourage members of the community to help build, expand, and improve this resource. If you'd like to contribute, please fork our GitHub repository and begin development on your own branch. When you're ready, submit your changes to the project's main branch. Every commit is subject to extensive review for accuracy and use of impartial language. Please cite all of your sources in APA style.

Getting started


This process assumes that you have Node.js and Node Package Manager (NPM). If you do not have Node on your device, please install it before you proceed.

Install dependencies

This project relies on several dependencies to operate, which we have not included in the GitHub repository. You must install these dependencies before running the website.

npm install

Starting a development environment

You can test the changes you've made by starting up a development environment. This will load a page on your computer's localhost namespace where you can navigate a demo version of the website.

npm start

Editing and creating pages

All of our articles are written in Markdown, with original copies hosted in our GitHub repository. All of the website's pages are located in the /docs folder. Before committing any change to the primary branch, we will thoroughly review your article and your sources. Please use proper APA style citations (including in-text for every idea or quote that isn't your own material).

Credits was created by Sebastian Rodriguez using Docusaurus.


This resouce is open-source and open-access, licensed under GNU General Public License v3.0. All members of the community are welcome to contribute, use, remix, modify, and distribute this work. Learn more by viewing the project's license.